More Comma Tips
Over decades of teaching, Dr. Lorraine Wallace, UVU's High School liaison, found that the following four rules help root out the most common comma problems among our students.
Dr. Wallace's 4 Rules for Fixing Common Comma Problems:
1. Lists: For lists of 3+ items, place a comma after each one with an "and" before the last one.
Ex. I eat apples, oranges, and bananas.
2. IC, coordinating conjunction IC. Put a "," with one of the "FANBOYS" to link two sentences together.
Ex. John veered, and Bill swerved.
3. Takeouts or appositives: Offset parenthetical information with commas on both sides.
Ex. John, the doctor, sat on a chair in his office.
4. Inversions: DC, IC.
"Bill cuts the cake while Johnny waits." is an ICDC so no comma is necessary, but if it is inverted, it needs a comma:
"While Johnny waits, Bill cuts the cake." It's a DC, IC so it needs a comma.